Organizations and Processes
Registration and Prioritization
INVESTMENTS UNIT – SECRETARÍA DE HACIENDA Y CRÉDITO PÚBLICO (MINISTRY OF FINANCE)
The Investments Unit (UI) is an administrative office of the Ministry of Finance that, among other attributions, is responsible for concentrating and managing the pipeline of programs and projects submitted by the entities of the Federal Public Administration, based on assessments, information and priorities. Additionally, this unit analyzes, proposes and promotes investment mechanisms with the participation of public, private and social sectors, in coordination with competent authorities.
These projects must be registered by the IU prior the initiation of the execution stage. To obtain such registration, the IU verifies the socioeconomic viability of those programs and projects that require federal funds by preparing a cost-benefit analysis. In the case of Public Private Partnerships, a value for money determination (the convenience of implementing the project under a public-private partnership mechanism) and a public private comparator must be carried out. It is important to mention that those projects sponsored by state owned productive companies (Pemex and CFE) are not required to be registered by the IU.
 The type of analysis may vary accoring to applicable regulation
Types of programs and investment projects registered in the pipeline:
- Economic Infrastructure Projects
Fixed assets for the production of goods and sevices in water, communications and transport, electricity, hydrocarbons and tourism.
- Social Infrastructure Projects
Fixed assets needed to carry out activities related to education, science and technology, culture, sports, health, social security, urbanization, housing and social assistance.
- Government Infrastructure Projects
Fixed assets required to develop government functions.
- Real Estate Projects
Intended for administrative offices, including operations made under a financial leasing scheme
- Other Investment Projects
- Acquisition Programs
Acquisition of movable prperty, such as vehicles, office equipment, and IT equipment, among others.
- Maintenance Programs
Actions to keep existing assets in optimal operating conditions.
- Civil Protection Acquisition Programs
Acquisition of movable property, such as smoke detectors, fire extinguishers, and gas detectors, among others.
- Civil Maintenance Protection Programs
- Pre-investment studies
Studies required by an entity to decide the implementation of a program or investment project.
- Environmental Programs
Actions to preserve and protect natural resources and the ecosystem.
- Other Investment Projects
The pipeline of programs and projects of the Federal Government can be accessed through a digital platform developed by the IU.
The programs and projects included in the investment portfolio may be identified by a portfolio code, an application number, or by searching under specific criteria, such as sector (sponsor entity), unit (administrative area within the sponsor entity) and/or name of the federal entity (depending on the location of the program or project).
Public Investment Portfolio
PROMOTION STRATEGY FOR PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN MEXICO (PPP)
Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público
The Ministry of Finance announced the “Promotion Strategy for Public Private Partnership in Mexico (PPP), that the objectives include: achieving a portfolio of high impact projects, promoting PPP projects of the Federal Government, ensuring that the projects are carried out under the principles of transparency and supervising PPP projects in their different stages.
INTER-MINISTERIAL COMMISSION FOR PUBLIC EXPENDITURE, FINANCING AND DISINCORPORATION (COMISIÓN INTERSECRETARIAL DE GASTO PÚBLICO FINANCIAMIENTO Y DESINCORPORACIÓN OR CIGFD)
The CIGFD office coordinates interinstitutional actions to address specific issues that require federal expenditure, specifically investment and financing. These actions intend to contribute to sustainable national growth.
The CIGFD is responsible for making sure that the decisions that affect public expenditure are consistent with the planning of the national development, and for analyzing the impact of these decisions in the performance of the economic activity.
The programs and projects registered in the investment portfolio are fully analyzed by this commission. The CIGFD determines the priority for their inclusion in the Federal Expenditure Budget, as well as the order to be followed for the allocation of resources, seeking the maximization of the impact in social benefits. The criteria followed by the CIGFD is:
- Socioeconomic profitability;
- Reduction of extreme poverty;
- Regional development, and
- Concurrence with other programs and investment projects.
The CIGFD is conformed as follows:
Members of the Commission, representing:
- Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público (Ministry of Finance)
- Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (Ministry of Social Development)
- Secretaría de Energía (Ministry of Energy)
- Secretaría de Economía (Ministry of Economy)
- Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes (Ministry of Communications and Transportation)
- Secretaría de la Función Pública (Ministry of Public Administration)
- Secretaría del Trabajo y Previsión Social (Ministry of Labor and Social Security)
Permanent guests: Head of the President’s Office and the Governor of Banco of México (central bank)
In Mexico, the bidding process of infrastructure projects is leaded by the sponsor of the each project.
At the national level, all tender processes are completely open. Transparency and access to information is provided through a digital online system called CompraNet. As a result of the Energy Reform, state-owned productive companies (Pemex and CFE) have their own information platforms to control their tender processes.
Types of Tenders
According to the type of bidder, public tenders are classified as follows:
National Tenders: are those were only Mexican companies and individuals can participate. The assets to be delivered should be manufactured in Mexico and must have at least 50% of Mexican content, considering labor cost, raw materials, and any other elements considered by the Ministry of Economy.
International Tenders under Commercial Agreements: are those where only Mexican and foreign companies located in countries with whom Mexico has signed commercial agreements with a government procurement section, can participate.
Open International Tenders: are those where any Mexican or foreign company can participate, regardless of the origin of the goods and/or services to be delivered.
Prior to the execution of any project that involves construction activities, an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) must be obtained, certifying that the project complies with the environment guidelines issued by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT). An EIA describes the environmental conditions prevailing prior to the execution of the project in order to determine the potential impact that the execution of such project might have in the environment. This document proposes required measures to prevent, mitigate or compensate such impact, and is issued by the Director of Environmental Impact and Risk of SEMARNAT.
CompraNet is an electronic platform that provides government information of procurements, leases, services, public works, and other related services. Through this platform, the Federal Government ensures the transparency and agility of public procurement. Any interested person can follow the process from beginning to end.
Any valid tender can be consulted and monitored, including relevant information, requests for proposals, contracts, tender historical results, closed and negotiated tenders.
There is no restriction to access CompraNet. Anyone interested in participating in a tender must be registered in this platform.
Bidders that violate the applicable regulations can be sanctioned by the Ministry of Public Administración (SFP), either through the application of a fine and/or a temporary suspension to participate, directly or indirectly, in bidding processes. The SFP periodically updates the list of sanctioned companies.
Transparency and Access to Information
Mexico has played an outstanding role in terms of access to public information. As a consequence, the country received the following recognitions:
- Regional Award to Open Government for the initiative “Open Expenditures: Public Work”, conferred to the Ministry of Finance in 2016 during the Alliance for Open Government Summit, in Paris, France.
- Award to “Innovation of Government Acquisitions” for transforming the information stored in CompraNet into useful and accessible data, providing access to all citizens through the website CompraNet – Market Intelligence. This award was conferred to the Ministry of Public Administration in 2016 during the IX Annual Conference of the Inter American Network of Government Acquisitions.
- Awards in the categories of “International Cooperation” and “Technology and Environment” conferred to the Mexican government during the World Summit of the Information Society in May 2016. With this two recognitions, Mexico stands out in the field of open data.
In 2013, the Federal Government signed the Pact for Mexico, with the participation of the three most important political forces (PRI, PAN and PRD). This document includes agreements in terms of transparency, accountability and fight against corruption.
All information contained in transparency and access to information platforms is related to accountability and processes surveillance. Mexico has enforced a Transparency and Access to Information Law.
This is a Federal Government initiative that represents and additional mechanism to obtain and exploit public information. Its objectives are:
- Encourage economic growth.
- Strengthen competitiveness.
- Foster innovation.
- Enhance transparency and accountability.
- Promote citizen participation.
- Guarantee government efficiency.
- Improve public services.
This mechanism was created according to international best practices. Open Data is a free online service, and has sections related to infrastructure investment:
Transparencia Presupuestaria (Budgetary Transparency) is a digital platform used to monitor public expenditure, as well as the execution of public works throughout the country. This platform was acknowledged by the Alliance for an Open Government with the “Regional Open Government Award”. Among other features, this platform allows the supervision of the exercise of the budget of the 32 states and of federal entities.
The system includes a section of public works, providing access through an interactive map to those physical infrastructure projects to be located geographically by anyone interested in knowing them and following up once the resources being to be spent. Likewise, they will be able to consult all programs and investment projects, including those that due to their nature cannot be located on a map.
There is also the possibility of consulting the programs and investment projects proposed in the Expenditure Budget Project for the following year as well.
Likewise, all public programs and investment projects can be consulted, as well as those included in the Expenditure Budget Project.
Instituto Nacional de Transparencia, Acceso a la Información y Protección de Datos Personales (INAI)
All government and financial entities have the obligation to report to regulatory agencies for their public disclosure, the execution of tenders and agreements The INAI is responsible for revealing the information originated by federal public entities, from administrative structures to service agreements, procedures, audits, and their legal framework, as well as for training public employees regarding transparency matters. Training courses are mandatory for all public officers.
INAI’s Portal de Obligaciones de Transparencia (Transparency Obligations Portal or POT) reveals any information of the Federal Government related to contact directory, procurement processes, reports, salaries, normativity, subsidies, services, concessions and licenses, in compliance with the Transparency and Access to Government Information Federal Law.